Indiana law prevents a conviction based solely on circumstantial evidence of guilt except where the evidence excludes every reasonable theory of innocence.

Direct Evidence — Circumstantial Evidence — Inference. 1-12 IN Pattern Jury Instructions Criminal Instruction No. 12.01

Direct evidence means evidence that directly proves a fact, and that, if true, conclusively establishes that fact.

Circumstantial evidence means evidence that proves a fact from which you may conclude the existence of (an)other fact(s).

It is not necessary that facts be proved by direct evidence. Both direct evidence and circumstantial evidence are acceptable as a means of proof. A conviction may be based solely on circumstantial evidence. Where proof of guilt is by circumstantial evidence only, it must be so conclusive and point so convincingly to the guilt of the accused that the evidence excludes every reasonable theory of innocence.

This is a Jury instruction, but the same legal principle applies in a Court Trial.

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