– An officer saw an unidentified person fire a gun. An officer saw Δ, who matched the description of the shooter. The officer stopped Δ and patted him down. The officer felt what he believed to be a possible narcotic substance. The officer slid his finger into Δ’s pocket and found cocaine. After being convicted of possession of cocaine, Δ appealed, arguing that the cocaine should have been suppressed.  “When a police officer makes a Terry stop, if he has a reasonable fear of danger, he may conduct a carefully limited search of the outer clothing of the suspect in an attempt to discover weapons which might be used to assault him. The purpose of a Terry search is not to discover evidence of a crime but rather to allow an officer to pursue his investigation without fear of violence. Thus, a Terry search should be confined to its protective purpose.” Johnson at 928.  “The seizure of contraband detected during the lawful execution of a Terry search is permissible under the ‘plain feel’ doctrine. . . If a police officer lawfully pats down a suspect’s outer clothing and feels an object whose contour or mass makes its identity immediately apparent, there has been no invasion of the suspect’s privacy beyond that already authorized by the officer’s search for weapons.” Johnson at 928.  “[The officer] indicated that he ‘believed’ the contraband could ‘possibly’ have been a narcotic. He admitted that it ‘could have been something else’ besides a narcotic. . . The officer’s testimony does not reflect that . . . the identity of the cocaine was ‘immediately apparent’ to him.” Johnson at 928.   The search exceeded the scope of a lawful patdown. The cocaine should be suppressed.  Johnson v. State, 710 N.E.2d 925 (Ind. App. 1999).


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Mr cardella, was by far the best attorney, I’ve ever had, or dealt with my entire life.the communication is 2nd to none. I’ve had many attorneys thru my life for various needs and this was by far the easiest process I’ve had. These days most attorneys you have to call several times and when u reach or see them they seem to not pay attention to you or what you want, Jeff is not like the rest. Definitely hire Jeff cardella!!!

I found Jeff to be an excellent attorney. He is very reasonable and level headed, empathetic but not a pushover. He always answered our questions directly. Hiring him was a great decision. Highly recommend and would use his services again.

Jeff Rocks
Jeff demonstrated a great moral and positive character while working on my nephew’s case. He communicated promptly with my family as the case progressed and was easily accessible. We appreciated his honesty regarding the different scenarios and possible outcomes of the case. We were honor to have him as our attorney. Please do not hesitate to retain him, he will work diligently on your family behalf. We respected the fact he does a lot of the leg work himself.

I was thoroughly impressed with the service at Jeff Cardella Law Offices. One of the things that distinguished Mr. Cardella from some of the other law practices that I called was the level of care and customer service that was attached to our conversation. I called expecting to speak to a receptionist and was connected directly to him. Mr. Cardella took a true consultative approach to make sure that my needs was addressed specifically to my situation. I highly recommend giving the Cardella office a call.

My experience with Mr. Jeff Cardella was a positive experience since our first consult. He was reassuring and very reliable. I would recommend his services to everyone!

Great experience, helped me beat an undeserved ticket and allowed me to focus my time on my studies instead of dealing with it all myself. Would recommend to anyone.